From green waste to poulty litter, our pyrolysis machines can process a variety of biomass types.

Unlocking the hidden value in your waste

Industries producing waste biomass with a high-water content face growing challenges for safe and cost-effective disposal. And for many, a viable path to sustainability seems a long way off.

Whether plant matter, animal products or even manure, all biomasses contain carbon which was once absorbed from the atmosphere, and it is this crucial resource that is undervalued with methods of disposal which allow it to return there.

Energy bulb on grass.

What type of biomass is suitable?

While most biomasses can be pyrolysed, the nature, quantity and structure of it will have an important impact on the operations and business model at a plant. Key qualities we look for are:

Calorific value
Calorific value icon.

The higher the better, but in general being over 12 MJ/kg on a dry basis will keep the process self-sustaining.

Moisture content
Moisture icon.

After drying, we look for feedstocks to be under 15% moisture to keep the process efficient. The more moisture, the more drying needed, which will require more energy.

Carbon content
Carbon icon.

The more carbon, the more carbon removal and corresponding income from carbon credits. We usually look for upwards of 25%.

Annual quantity
Quantity icon.

The minimum to make a plant viable is 2,400 tonnes per year after drying.

Current uses
Agriculture product icon.

To ensure compliance with the carbon methodologies and receive carbon credits, the feedstock should not currently have an environmentally positive endpoint. If it does, that value can count against the new outcomes.

What about your waste biomass?

Our experts can discuss its suitability, preparation and any modifications needed to make the most of it.

Examples of suitable biomass

Poultry litter.
Poultry litter

Chicken manure typically applied as fertiliser

Green waste.
Green waste

Oversize green waste, including whole tree, brash or compost tailings

Sewage sludge.
Sewage sludge

By product of waste water treatment

Paper waste.
Paper waste

Screen rejects during paper manufacturing

Rice husk.
Rice husks

Hard protecting coverings of grains of rice

Livestock manure.
Livestock Manure

Horse and pig manure collected from farms

Food waste.
Food waste

Residues from food and beverage manufacturing

Sugarcane residue.
Sugar residues

Fibrous material left after processing sugarcane or beet

Fish sludge.
Fishery litter

Fish manure produced from aquaculture

Hemp residue.
Hemp residues

Hemp-derived by-products that are discarded during production

Coffee residue.
Coffee residues

Residue generated after the coffee brewing process

Wood residue.
Wood residues

Wood shavings, chippings and saw dust discarded during operations

Dairy waste.
Dairy waste

Dairy processing waste that is unusable for human consumption or any other use

Oat husk.
Oat husks

Outer shells that are a by-product from the oat-milling operation

Ash dieback.
Ash Dieback trees

Ash trees infected with Ash Dieback disease

AD residue.
AD residues

Residue from Anaerobic Digestion (AD) plant operations

Textile waste.
Textile residues

Materials discarded during textile manufacturing


Residual liquid remaining from the fermentation and distillation of liquors

Waste Biomass
Green Energy
Carbon removal
Biowaste infographic.

Current uses

As an environmentally positive solution, it is important to consider the current uses of the biomass.

Ideal sources of biomass are currently destined for disposal or incineration. Using these ensures that we don't have any negative environmental, social or economic impacts on existing supply chains.

Biomass containing high protein, for example, may deliver more value if it returned to the food chain.

As a company that firmly believes in the principle of Triple Bottom Line (Planet, People, Profit), this choice ensures that we support profitable projects without doing injustice to the planet and its people.

Take a look at some of our projects to see what we're up to!

More on our projects

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